First of all, it is worth, i.e. providing the necessary information about what ADHD is, what causes it and how it is treated. As part of psychoeducation, therapeutic methods of dealing with undesirable behavior of a child and helping the child to cope with these symptoms are discussed with caregivers.Currently, according to European clinical guidelines
(ESCAP, 2004), treatment should include psychotherapy tailored to the specific needs of the young patient with guidance given to parents and teachers, nutritional supervision and, if necessary, administration of medications.Initial non-pharmacological treatment of the disease is very important: individual therapy, e.g. cognitive-behavioral therapy, relaxation and learning the ability to manage stress, learning to organize one’s activities, planning a daily calendar, training and family therapy.
It is recommended to extend the treatment to family members as well. Often, the perception of their own illness allows patients to look at past events differently. Patients are also advised to increase their physical activity.Consequences of untreated ADHDIf not treated appropriately, young patients usually develop further disorders. Despite their ability and intelligence, their school performance deteriorates, and constant failures make them lose their confidence, become sad or aggressive.
Their behavior dislikes them or makes them a fear for their peers.These behavioral disturbances often take the form of a vicious circle. Children find it practically impossible to improve their situation, even if they try. Consequently, they begin to expect failure, which they express through absolute refusal to obey, rebellion, and stubbornness that only worsen existing symptoms.Such situations also cause suffering for parents. Reports of child misbehavior are increasing, as are continual accusations of inadequate childcare. As a result, some families become isolated.