Symptoms, causes and treatment of measles. Measles is an extremely contagious, severe acute viral disease. It occurs most often in childhood. Measles is manifested by fever, rash and inflammation of the mucous membranes. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that over 41,000 people were infected with measles in the first half of 2018.Measles who has itMost cases of measles occur in children under 15 years of age, but any person, regardless of age, is susceptible to it, unless they have been ill or vaccinated before.Newborns and infants have maternal antibodies that disappear after six months of age
In Poland in 1974, i.e. before the introduction of vaccination, from 120,000 to 200,000 people suffered from measles. people per year, of which 100-300 people died. Currently, thanks to mass vaccination and a high percentage of vaccinated people, Poland is a country with a low incidence rate.However, measles should remain under control, therefore each disease must be reported to the State Sanitary Inspection, commonly known as Sanepid.In 2014, 110 measles cases were reported in Poland.
In recent years, the number of cases of this disease has increased as more and more parents refrain from vaccinating their children.Measles symptomsMeasles has four consecutive symptom periods:The hatching period for measles lasts an average of 10 days and is most often asymptomatic.The heraldic period of measles lasts 3-4 days, and then the first symptoms of infection appear:fever,conjunctivitis,photophobia,runny nose,dry cough,