Detection of IgM antibodies in the blood using the ELISA method.Specific IgM antibodies in an unvaccinated person appear within 2-3 days after the onset of the rash, so it is best to collect blood for testing at the earliest 7 days after its appearance.Virus isolation and breeding, and the determination of the measles virus genotype, are complementary to serological testing.
A throat swab or a urine sample is best collected within 4 days from the onset of the rash, stored in a freezer and sent to the National Institute of Hygiene in Warsaw.Measles which resembles herDiseases with symptoms that may resemble measles include:rubella,scarlet fever, otherwise known as scarlet feverthree-day fever, commonly known as “three-day fever”rash forms of viral infectionsmononucleosisfood and drug rashes
Measles treatmentThere is no causal treatment in measles. Symptomatic treatment is sufficient in uncomplicated cases.The patient should stay at home for up to 4 days after the appearance of the rash.When treating measles, it is recommended:rest,fluid replenishment,taking antipyretic drugs, e.g. paracetamol and ibuprofen,taking antitussive drugs.Due to photophobia, the patient should stay in a darkened room.
In measles complicated by bacterial otitis media or pneumonia, antibiotics are started for treatment.As for the relief of measles symptoms, especially in children under 12 years of age, aspyrine due to the risk of serious complications, e.g. Rey’s syndrome